Is biography fiction or nonfiction

Is biography fiction or nonfiction
Is biography fiction or nonfiction?

Most times, people usually get confused about whether biography is fiction or nonfiction. If you are in the category of such people, congratulations to you. here, we have provided the most accurate answers that will solve this problem of yours forever. is always at your beck and call in solving any biography related queries that you may have in a step by step logical way.

Below we provide for you the most comprehensive answer to both your question and to other related terms that will simply help your easy understanding effortlessly.

What is a biography?

According to the most recent popular definition of the Wikipedia encyclopedia, “A biography, or simply bio, is a detailed description of a person’s life. It involves more than just the basic facts like education, work, relationships, and death; it portrays a person’s experience of these life events. Unlike a profile or curriculum vitae (résumé), a biography presents a subject’s life story, highlighting various aspects of their life, including intimate details of experience, and may include an analysis of the subject’s personality.”

Also, also defines biography as “the story of the life of a person written by someone else, or the area of literature relating to books that describe such stories.”

Therefore, these few examples give us a better understanding of a biography in simple terms, which means that biography is an account of events, circumstances, successes and failures in a person’s life that is written by another person other than himself.

Features of biography

Biography varies based on different reasons, but it also has a similar outlook with regards to what it’s features look like. Below are the most popular features in a biography:

  1. Date and place of birth of person.
  2. The current location of the person(preferably the city, or state of residence).
  3. Educational background.
  4. His profession and career.
  5. field of expertise.
  6. Major achievements.
  7. Impact on society.

1. Name, date and place of birth.

This appears at the beginning of a biography, explaining the name of the person whose biography is the subject at hand, the day he or she was born and the location of where he or she was born with the address of the residence and the name of the province, town or city.

2. Current location of the person.

This section is dedicated for the identification of the person’s area of residence, street name, house number, town, city, country of residence and every other necessary details that may help in showing clearly the current location of the individual.

3. Educational background.

This section of a biography is aimed at giving the reader a background about the schools the individual attends and the qualifications the individual possessed with dates attached to each of the schools in ascending order (preferably).

4. Profession and career.

This section of a biography is for the purpose of explaining both past and present jobs the individual is engaged in. It is usually organised in a list pattern with the date and year of employment, promotion, transfer and the day he or she leaves the job.

5. Field of expertise.

This section aims at providing a vivid description of his or her major area of excellence in either academic, technical, business, sports or any other area were the individual was highly successful in.
It can be in a single area of endeavor or in multiple areas depending on the individual human capacity.

6. Major achievement.

This section deals extensively with bringing out the achievements recorded by the individual in his lifetime, covering both his professional and personal life.

Any achievement has to be recorded for the purpose of recognition and for the reader to get inspiration through it.

7. Impact on the society.

This section extols the individual’s contributions to his or her community in particular and to the world in general.

Many great individuals have impacted this world in a positive manner which has been beneficial to mankind. The likes of Vasco Dagama, Albert Einstein, Muhammad, Jesus have left a lasting legacy to the world we live in.

Advantages of biography.

Biography has a lot of advantages and merits. Below are a few of such advantages:

1. Provides inspiration to others. Biography gives people the ability to study the lives of important people, either dead or alive, which will in turn serve as a source of inspiration for others to emulate their successes and avoid the mistakes and failures they encountered.

2. It teaches life lessons. Biography has the advantage of teaching other people, particularly young people and students, valuable life lessons that have the capacity of changing their lives, businesses, studies and relationships for the better.

3. A biography is also a very important part and parcel of modern contemporary literature and the general aspect of literature in total. For a person looking for good answers about the artist, the famous man, the writer and even about his book, biography provides him with the best accurate data.

4. Biography also provides chance for appreciation. As a result of exposing the difficulties, sacrifices and compromises leaders make to safeguard and guarantee a stable society by the leaders, the people accord them accolades and gratitude as a result of reading their biography.

5. Biography improves the reading culture. In a world where people are more interested on surfing the net and watching Netflix videos, biography help in shifting the attention of younger generations into reading as a result of wide varieties of biographies to pick from.

Is biography fiction or nonfiction.

The most accurate answer is that biography is clearly nonfiction for the following reasons.
Biography is nonfiction because it brings out facts, historical data and the true things that happened in the life of an individual in the past as they are without altering, or tempering with any aspect of it.

Biography is nonfictional because it is not a created or imaginative story of a writer but rather an account of past events that shape an individual’s life either towards success or failure.

Furthermore, biography, as a branch that has a lot to do with history, deals with facts and figures that occurred in the past. This helps in shaping the future decisions to take so as to avoid following the same road with fatal consequences.

However, it is important to know that some biographies have elements of fiction attached to them in the process of entertaining the intended audience. Few artists are guilty of introducing these fictional elements into the question.

Can a biography change to fiction?

The answer is categorically no. Fiction is entirely stories that are non-existent, while biography is about real events that happened a long time ago. Although the authors can introduce some fictional elements, sometimes in other to add suspense and thrill to the biography, it must not at any time distort the true biographical information.

Disadvantages of biography.

Judgement of the individual.
Some people who may read the biography of another man may start harbouring the feeling of judging certain actions that the individual took which happened long time ago and start looking at him in a different way.


Some writers of a new can I pay you are in, especially of biography are writing to persuade the reader which usually makes the reader to be wary about the true intention of wring the book.

Some examples of biography books.

1. Will in the World: How Shakespeare Became Shakespeare by Stephen Greenblatt.
2. Steve Jobs by Walter Isaacson.
3. Rosemary: The Hidden Kennedy Daughter by Kate Clifford Larson.
4. Mao: The Unknown Story by Jung Chang.
5. Alan Turing: The Enigma: The Book That Inspired the Film The Imitation Game – Updated Edition by Andrew Hodges.
6. The Power Broker: Robert Moses and the Fall of New York by Robert Caro.
7. Totto-Chan: The Little Girl at the Window by Tetsuko Kuroyanagi.
8. Empire State of Mind: How Jay-Z Went from Street Corner to Corner Office by Zach O’Malley Greenburg.
9. Genghis Khan and the Making of the Modern World by Jack Weatherford.
10. Muhammad: His Life Based on the Earliest Sources by Martin Lings.

11. Biography of Dr Tony Evans.



The above detailed analysis proves to us beyond reasonable doubt that biography is nonfiction as a result of it dealing with facts, figures and events that happened in the past as against fiction, which is the creation of books that are only the imagination of the author without them happening in real life situations.

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